This region is situated in Italy's northeast and borders Slovenia and Austria. It overlooks the Adriatic Sea (this part of the cost is trimmed with lagoons and has long sandy beaches) and is surrounded by high mountains, enclosing many different landscapes.
The impressive Carso plateau is formed by windswept rocks, and soil erosion has created a series of caves, hollows and resurgences over time.
Trieste is the region capital, then there is Gorizia, Pordenone and Udine.
The great variety of landscapes matches the rich and variegated cultural heritage that was determined by a complex history and by the confluence of different civilizations in this territory. For this reason, Friuli Venezia Giulia looks like a small universe with many different traditions: it is the “land of contrasts”. The region’s UNESCO World Heritage Site is an archaeological excavation of an ancient Roman city, and there are other Roman-era structures in Friuli-Venezia Giulia as well. The region is also home to some gorgeous castles and palaces, including the Miramare Castle in Trieste.
The number and quality of individuals from the world of culture originating from Friuli Venezia Giulia is evidence of the cultural wealth of this Region: the writer Italo Svevo, the director-writer-poet Pierpaolo Pasolini, the photographer Tina Modotti, the theatre director Giorgio Strehler, the Nobel laureate in physics Carlo Rubbia, the cinematographer Dante Spinotti and the germanist and writer Claudio Magris. But Friuli Venezia Giulia is not just a source of talents, it is also a land capable of attracting and inspiring big names such as James Joyce and Rainer Maria Rilke.
Friuli Venezia Giulia has a humid, temperate climate which varies considerably from one area to another.
The Alpine System protects it from the rigid northerly winds, but the region, opening toward the Po Valley, is influenced by the general circulation of air masses from the west to the east. The Karst Plateau has its own special weather and climate so this area is affected by winds coming from the region of the Danube. The "Bora", (north-easterly strong wind), reaches its maximum intensity in Trieste and its gulf, with gusts that sometimes exceed 150 km per hour.
Summer brings visitors to the beach, while they head into the mountains for skiing in the winter.